Plastic surgery is a wide term for prominent and efficient physical management which is performed for various proficient motives.
The word plastic is acquired from the Greek word ‘plastikos’ referring to form or to shape and there is no relation with the current plastics.
The plastic surgery involves two main portions such as:-
Cosmetic surgery is pursued to alter the characteristics when the patient finds it unpleasant.
Reconstructive surgery is undertaken to rectify the defects by skin grafting. Some type of microsurgery is done or corrects the faults of trauma, serious effects of surgery and disease.
Plastic surgery is a distinctive type of surgery that involves the person’s looks and aptitude to function.
There is a development of appearance, assurance and self image in the patients attempted by the plastic surgeons and this is executed by reconstructive and cosmetic procedures.
History of Plastic Surgery
One can see the tremendous improvement in the history of plastic surgery since the past. In 8 th century BC, the famous gigantic Indian surgeon ‘Susrutha’ pursued plastic surgery with the help of skin grafting for reconditioning the skin of various people.
The work performed by the popular surgeon was recognized as ‘Sushruta Samhita’ and most commonly operated rhinoplasty and otoplasty. Plastic surgery became popular during the 18 th century which has been displayed from the various publications like Gentleman’s Magazine.
During the 1 st century BC, Romans restore the injured and smashed ears. In the mid of 15 th century, a rhinoplasty which is the plastic surgery of the nose was executed in the Europe . Plastic surgery for the head and face was established during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries and contains higher complications.
In 1827, Dr. John Peter Mettauer was the first well known plastic surgeon of the United States who has executed the first cleft palate operation by using various devices. Sir Harold Gillies is known as the father of the current plastic surgery and has introduced several procedures for the latest plastic surgery.
Types of Plastic Surgery
Cosmetic surgery refers to the surgery that is intended to build up the facial features or appearance of the person. In 2004, about 11.9 million cosmetic surgeries were executed in the United States and are performed for the development of the individual person.
Most of the cosmetic methods include various complications. The major kinds of cosmetic surgeries pursued are abdominoplasty, rhinoplasty, abdominal etching, mastopexy, buttock augmentation and otoplasty.
Reconstructive surgery is undertaken by those women who had a contracture, palate surgery for the burns, cleft lip and mastectomy. Sex reassignment surgery is also one of the types of reconstructive surgery which is undertaken by the transsexual people.